STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE AT SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS ^^^^m. '^:^^:'^^ CATALOGUE 1941—1942 )><i- Salem State College Library Archives PI Catalog, Day Program. 1941-1942. C.6. .X'\^^^» €t)e Commontoealtl) of Ma00actfu$ttt0 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE AT SALEM FOUNDED 1854 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION WALTER F. DOWNEY Commissioner of Education PATRICK J. SULLIVAN Director, Division of Elementary and Secondary Education and State Teachers Colleges GEORGE H. VARNEY Business Agent Members of Advisory Board Alexander Brin, 55 Crosby Road, Newton Kathryn a. Doyle, 99 Armour Street, New Bedford Mrs. Flora Lane, 27 Goldthwait Road, Worcester Mrs. Anna M. Power, 15 Ashland Street, Worcester Dr. Francis T. Spaulding, 34 Bates Street, Cambridge John J. Walsh, 15 Pond View Avenue, Jamaica Plain Digitized by tlie Internet Arcliive in 2012 witli funding from Federally funded with LSTA funds through the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners http ://arch ive .0 rg/detai Is/catalogueof state41 42stat I— t Q P O O O STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE AT SALEM The State Teachers College at Salem (formerly the State Normal School at Salem) was opened to students September 12, 1854. It was the fourth teachers college established by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Its first building stood at the corner of Broad and Summer Streets. This was enlarged and improved in 1860, and again in 1871. In the course of time facilities became inadequate to meet the increased demand for teacher training, and an appropriation was made by the legis- lature for a new building, which was first occupied December 2, 1896. Exactly seventeen years later a modern training school was opened and continues to operate today as an integral part of the college plant. The site, buildings, and equipment repre- sent a value of approximately one million dollars. Every year a capacity enrollment of more than five hundred students is accommodated. In addition to the president and director of training there are twenty-seven members of the college faculty and twelve teachers in the training school. The campus is at the junction of Loring Avenue and Lafayette Street. Salem is on the main line of the eastern division of the Boston and Maine Railroad system, connecting with the Saugus branch at Lynn. It is also easily accessible by bus. Student tickets for both types of service may be purchased at reduced rates. Salem is the center of many interesting historical associations; within easy reach are the scenes of more important and stirring events than can be found in any other area of equal size in our nation. The surrounding scenery is very attractive. Curious and instructive collections may be found which belong to vari- ous literary and antiquarian organizations. The churches in the city are numerous and represent many religious denominations. TABLE OF CONTENTS Calendar .... Faculty ..... Requirements for Admission Length op Courses and Degrees Expenses . Curricula Description of Courses Student Organizations General Information Graduating Class — 1941 Register of Students page 6 7 11 14 14 15 25 40 43 44 44 CALENDAR 1941-1942 First Semester September 3 September 8, 9 September 12 September 15 October 13 October 31-November 1 November 7 November 11 . November 19, 12:25 p.m. to November 24 December 19, close of day, to January 5 January 19-23 January 23 .... . Second Semester January 26 .... . February 23 . February 27, close of day, to March 9 April 3 April 20 May 1, close of day, to May 11 May 29-June 4 May 30 . June 7 . June 9 . June 10 . Training School opens P^ntrance examinations Orientation Day Teachers College opens, 9:30 a.m. Columbus Day Bridgewater Conference Essex County Teachers' Convention Armistice Day Thanksgiving recess Christmas recess Mid-year examinations Close of first semester Second semester begins Washington's Birthday Winter recess Good Friday Patriot's Day Spring recess Final examinations Memorial Day Baccalaureate Class Day Commencement 1942-1943 First Semester September 9 . September 11 September 14 October 12 November 6 . November 11 . November 25, 12:25 p.m., to November 30 December 18, close of day, to January 4 January 18-22 .... January 22 .... . Second Semester January 25 February 22 . February 26, close of day, to March 8 April 19 April 23 April 30, close of day, to May 10 May 28-June 4 May 31 . June 6 June 8 June 9 . Training School opens Orientation Day Teachers College opens, 9:30 a.m. Columbus Day Essex County Teachers' Convention Armistice Day Thanksgiving recess Christmas recess Mid-year examinations Close of first semester Second semester begins Washington's Birthday Winter recess Patriot's Day Good Friday Spring recess Final examinations Memorial Day Baccalaureate Class Day Commencement Sessions College sessions are from 9:30 a.m. to 12:25 p.m., and from 1 :05 p.m. to 3:45 p.m. The office is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Saturdays from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 m. When inclement weather makes closing necessary, an announcement to that effect is made over Station WNAC at 7:00 a.m., or shortly thereafter. Telephones College, Salem 375. Training School, Salem 8^. President, Arlington 0671. 344 FACULTY The Teachers College Edward A. Sullivan Boston College — B.A., M.A. President Gertrude Brown Goldsmith . . . . . Smith College — B.A. State Normal School at Salem — Certificate (One year) University of California — M.A. Biological Science Charles Elmer Doner .... Zanerian College — Diploma (Three years) Spencerian Commercial School (One year) Denison University (One year) Handwriting Walter George Whitman Tufts College — B.A. Columbia University — M.A. Physical Science Verna Belle Flanders ...... State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Two years) Certificate (One year) University of Chicago — B.S., M.S. Geography Alexander Hugh Sproul Head of Commercial Department Business Education South Dakota State College — B.S., M.S. Marie Badger ........ State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Three years) State Teachers College at Salem — B.S.Ed. Speech, Typewriting Florence Barnes Cruttenden Mount Holyoke College (Two years) ]\lt. Holyoko Collogo (Two yoarc) New Britain Normal School — Diploma (Two years) Columbia University — B.S., M.A. Economics, History, Sociology Maude Lyman Harris . Cornell College — B.A. Columbia University — M.A. Literature, Speech Alice Hayward Edwards Tufts College — B.A. Hickox School of Shorthand (One year) Boston University — M.Ed. . Office Training, Shorthand Amy Estelle Ware ..... Training School, Bangor, Maine (Two years) Bates College — B.A. Columbia University — M.A. Geography 8 Caroline Edith Porter .... Literature, Reading, Speech Brockpoit Normal School — Diploma (Four years) New York University — B.S. Columbia University — M.A. Mildred Browning Stone ....... Mathematics Plymouth Normal School — Diploma (Two years) Boston University — B.S.Ed., M.A. George Fallows Moody ....... Education State Normal School at Fitchburg — Diploma (Two years) Boston University — B.S.Ed., M.A. MiRA Wallace Physical Education Sargent School of Physical Education — Diploma (Three years) Boston University — B.S.Ed., M.Ed. Lucy Staten Bell ........ Librarian Simmons College — B.S. Leon Howard Rockwell ...... Education, History Mansfield Normal School — Diploma (Three years) New York University — B.S. Columbia University — M.A. Charles Francis Woods . . . . . . . . Music Brown University (One year) Bryant & Stratton School of Business Administration (One year) Boston University — Certificate, Supervisor of Music Lillian M. Hoff ........ Special Education State Normal School, Trenton — Diploma (Three years) Certificate, Special Education Columbia University — B.S., M.A. Diploma, Special Education Elizabeth Roberts . . ... Business Education, English Radchffe College — B.A. Harvard University — M.Ed. L. Gertrude Bunton ........ Education Garland Kindergarten Training School — Diploma (Two years) Columbia University — B.S., M.A. Diplomas (Supervisor, Examiner) Florence G. Perry ......... Art Mount Holyoke College (Two and one-half years) Massachusetts School of Art — Diploma (Four years) Columbia University — B.S. ,^^ Gertrude Burnham ..... English Composition, Literature State Normal School at Fitchburg — Diploma (Four years) University of New Hampshire — B.A. Columbia University — M.A. 9 Edna Mary McGlynn ....... History, Government Boston University — B.A., M.A. Boston College — Ph.D. Lawrence T. Lowrey ...... Logic, Physical Education Holy Cross — Ph.B. Margaret C. King ....... Physical Education Sargent School of Physical Education — Diploma (Three years) Boston University — B.S.Ed. Richard H. Rockett ..... Commercial Law, French, Latin Boston College — B.A. Suffolk Law School — LL.B. Boston University — M.Ed. Boston University — B^S., M.B.A . ^ ^ 13. J^./^. m't<i, Elizabeth Murphy . Accounting, Office Training, Shorthand, Typewriting Boston University — B.B.A. Boston College — M.Ed. The Training School George Fallows Moody ........ Director State Normal School at Fitchburg — Diploma (Two years) Boston University — B.S.Ed., M.A. Esther Louise Small ...... Supervisor, Grade Eigh^ State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Two years) Elizabeth R. Barlow ...... Supervisor, Grade Seven State Normal School at Hyannis — Diploma (Two years) State Teachers College at Hyannis — B.S.Ed. /*) . ^^ . ,ge^j,^..g^4,YTTi:5. /^^e Je (n ' p^Uco // ^ Supervisor, Grade Six B oaton University B.S.Ed : , M.Ed . , --•/// "^^r-,/H -, Mary Lillian Perham ...... Supervisor, Grade Five State Normal School at Bridgewater — Diploma (Two years) Doris A. Cambridge ...... Supervisor, Grade Four State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Two years) Mary Elizabeth James ...... Supervisor, Grade Three State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Two years) Mary Foster Wade ...... Supervisor, Grade Two State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Two years) State Teachers College at Salem — B.S.Ed. Sybil Inez Tucker ...... Supervisor, Grade One State Normal School at Fitchburg — Diploma (Four years) m w^ Mf ElCHiRG-MCY ESGUIATION Entrance requirements have "been tempora^rily modi- fied so tlmt any high school gra.duate may he ad- mitted to Massachusetts State Teachers Colleges after an oral intervie?/ with the president and the successful completion of a scholastic aptitude test. The test will "be given this year at Salem on May 28 and September 10, 1943. Students in the upper quarter of the high school are eligihle for admission without examination provided that they have coraiDleted fifteen units and have received passing grades in the seven units listed as "Prescribed." It is understood tha.t candidates may be fully cer- tified for a^dmission in the regalar way and tha.t those so certified will not be required to tai^e the scholastic aptitude test. The regular schedule of subject-matter entrance expjnination will be eliminated during the emergency. k'.V''"'-'y '"^^•r!^■4*'> ?!«/ ". ■■:^^ ■■■y^ v' -t■•■^w; "a 7A -.' <•:. 10 Ethel Vera Knight ........ Kindergarten State Normal School at North Adams — Diploma (Two years) Eleanor Elizabeth Walker ....... Special Class State Normal School at Salem — Diplorrm, (Two years) 7 Viola I. Munyan State Normal School at Framingham — B.S.Ed. University of Maine — M^^. 5. Home Economics George William Little ....... Practical Arts The Sloyd Training School of Boston — Diploma (Two years) Boston University — B.S.Ed. Administration Ann Keenan Clark ....... State Normal School at Salem — Diploma (Three years) Registrar Maky M. O'Keeffe Rhoda S. Polan s ky State Teachers College at Salem Kathaeine C. Sheehan . Tufts CoUege — M.D. Arthur W. O'Neil Tufts CoUege — M.D. B.S.Ed. . Secretary Clerk College Physician College Physician 11 REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION I. Application for Admission. Every candidate for admission to a teachers college is required to fill out a blank entitled "APPLICATION FOR ADMIS- SION TO STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES" and send it to the president. This blank may be secured from the principal of the high school or from the teachers college and may be filed after January 1 of the year in which the candidate wishes to enter. The blank must be filed by June 1 if the candidate desires to be considered in the first quota. Applications will be accepted after June 1, but qualified candi- dates who apply late will not be considered for admission until after the September examinations. II. Blanks to be Filed by the High School Principal. The principal of the high school is expected to fill out two blanks — one giving the "HIGH SCHOOL RECORD" for each year, and the other a "RATING OF PERSONAL CHAR- ACTERISTICS" — and send them to the president of the teachers college. III. General Qualifications, Every candidate for admission as a regular student must meet the following requirements : i. Health. The candidate must be in good physical condition and free from any disease, infirmity, or other defect which would render him unfit for public school teaching. A statement from the family physician and examination by the college physician are required evidences of satisfactory health. 2. High School Graduation. The candidate must be a graduate of a standard four-year high school, or have equivalent preparation. 3. Completion of Fifteen Units of High School Work. The "HIGH SCHOOL RECORD" must show the completion of fifteen units accepted by the high school in meeting graduation requirements. "A unit represents a year's study in any subject in a secondary school so planned as to constitute approximately one-fourth of a full year of work for a pupil of normal ability. To count as a unit, the recitation periods shall aggregate approximately 120 sixty-minute hours. Time occupied by shop or laboratory work counts one-half as much as time in recitation." 4. Personal Characteristics. The "RATING OF PERSONAL CHAR- ACTERISTICS" and the moral character of the candidate must, in the judg- ment of the president of the teachers college, warrant the admission of the candidate. IV. Scholarship Requirements. Of the 15 units presented for admission, 12 must be selected from the list given under "2g" of this section and must include the 7 units (6 in the commercial department) named in this paragraph as "Pre- scribed." (Only 3 English units will be accepted among the required 12.) The additional 3 units may consist of any work which the high school accepts in partial fulfillment of its graduation requirements. Prescribed 7 units English 3 units American History and Civics 1 unit Algebra 1 unit* Geometry 1 unit* Science 1 unit 1. Certification. a. The privilege of certification is extended to public and private secondary schools and academies in the Cortimonwealth of Massachusetts. The teachers colleges will accept the certificating grade regularly established by the indi- vidual school for college entrance. Units of certification will be determined on the same basis as units of credit, subject to the restrictions herein. The Department of Education reserves the right to withdraw the privilege of certification from any institution when its students fail to measure up to the standards required by the Department. The responsibility of the high school will continue through the freshman year in the teachers colleges. * One unit in any branch of mathematics listed under "2g" is acceptable for admission to the commerical department. 12 h. Applicants fully certified in 12 units of work (7 "Prescribed," 5 "Limited Electives"), and submitting passing grades for 3 additional units ("Free Elec- tives"), will be qualified for admission. (In the commercial department the distribution is 6 "Prescribed," 6 "Limited Electives," and 3 "Free Electives.") Applicants not fully certified in one or more of the prescribed units will be examined by subject matter tests prepared by the Department of Education. Applicants not fully certified in 5 units (6 in the commercial department) under the limited electives group will be required to submit to a comprehensive scholastic aptitude test selected by the Department of Education. Subject matter and scholastic aptitude tests are given solely to qualify applicants for admission. Regardless of the results of these tests, the grades submitted by the high schools remain unchanged. c. In the case of subjects which continue for two years, the grade for the last year must be a certificating grade in order that both units may be accepted for certification; if the subjects continue for three or four years, the grade for one other year as well as the grade for the last year must be a certificating grade in order that 3 or 4 units may be accepted for certification. d. Whenever waiting lists are unnecessary, applicants whose grades place them scholastically in the first quarter of their graduating class may be con- sidered for admission provided they have successfully completed the courses in the prescribed units. In the limited electives group, such applicants may exceed the maximum number of units in any field, (cf. paragraph "2f".) 2. Examinations. a. Entrance examinations may be taken in June and September in any state teachers college. The exact dates are announced in the "Bulletin of Information" issued annually by the Department of Education. At the same time, students who have completed the third year in a secondary school may take preliminary examinations in any of the prescribed subjects except English. b. Any candidate who is a graduate of a high school not entitled to certifica- tion may be permitted to secure credit toward admission by passing exam- inations in the prescribed subjects and by the satisfactory completion of a scholastic aptitude test. c. In order to equalize opportunity for all applicants, students from high schools having a certificating grade of less than B (80%) whose grades satisfy the admission requirements may take teachers college entrance examinations in the necessary high school subjects for the purpose of improving their scho- lastic standing. The high school grades will be changed only if the examination grades are higher. d. It is understood that candidates are not to present themselves for exam- ination in subjects not pursued in secondary school. e. College Entrance Board and New York Regents' examination grades may be offered for admission. /. Units (exclusive of free electives) must be so distributed that the number offered in any field, including the prescribed units, shall not be more than the following: social studies, 4 units; science, 3 units; foreign language, 5 units (no credit accepted for less than 2 units in any one language); mathematics, 3 units; commercial subjects, 2 units (for admission to commercial department, 3 units) ; fine and practical arts, 2 units. g. Following is the list of subjects acceptable for admission under the re- strictions detailed above: 13 Max. No. Units English in Each Field English Literature and Composition (not less than 3 units accepted) 3 Social Studies American History and Civics Community Civics History to about 1700 European History since 1700 Economics Problems of Democracy Ancient History English History Medieval and Modern History World Geography Science General Science 1 Biology, Botany or Zoology Chemistry Physics Physical Geography Physiology and Hygiene Astronomy Geology Foreign Language Latin French Spanish German Itahan Mathematics Algebra Arithmetic Geometry College Review Mathematics Trigonometry Solid Geometry Commercial Subjects Stenography (including Typewriting) i Bookkeeping [ 2* Commercial Geography Commercial Law Fine and Practical Arts Home Economics Manual Training Art Music V. Waiting Lists. If the number of candidates for admission who have ap- plied by June 1 is, on July 1, in excess of the number that the facilities of the teachers college will accommodate, the scholarship record and the ratings of the personal characteristics of all applicants will be evaluated in accordance with the method stated below. Qualified candidates will then be admitted in the order of their total scores until the allowed quotas have been reached. Waiting lists established on July 1 will remain in force until after the September examinations, when new waiting lists will be established. Scholarship will be allowed 75 points for 15 units of work. Personality will be allowed 25 points. As a basis of computing the total score from the scholarship record as submitted by the high school principal, a mark of "A" will be given 5 points; '^B," 4 points; "C," 3 points; ''D," 2 points. As a basis of computing the personality record, which includes ten characteristics, a mark of ^'Excellent'' will be allowed 2>^ points; "Good," 2 points; "Fair," 1}^ points; "Poor," 1 point. * Three units may be accepted for admission to the commercial department. 14 PROMOTION AND GRADUATION Regulations. Beginning with the entering class of 1941-42, promotion and graduation will be determined as follows : 1. A system of quality points will be adopted in all the state teachers colleges. Grades will be given the following values: A-4, B-3, C-2, D-L 2. The number of quality points which a student receives will be determined by multiplying the total number of semester hours in the course by the corresponding number of quality points, e.g., a six-semester-hour course with a rating of "A" has a value of 24 quality points. 3. The average of the grades required for promotion or graduation will be 2. Thus, the work of the first year in the elementary or junior high department carries 34 semester hours of credit. A student's grades, interpreted in points, must total 68 in order to obtain the average of 2. Students with an average of less than 2 must withdraw from college unless permission to repeat the work of the entire year is given by the director on the recommendation of the president for such reasons as illness, home difficulties, etc. 4. Incomplete grades for the first semester must be made up within eight weeks after the termination of the course; incomplete grades for the second semester must be made up eight weeks after the opening of college. (No course may be marked "incomplete" unless 80% of the work has been done at the time of discontinuance.) 5. The determination of quality points will be made at the end of each college year. 6. E grades can never be removed, but the subjects in which they have been received must be repeated and passed before September 1 of the senior year. This is to be done in approved sunmier sessions, or, when possible, during the regular college year. Continuing subjects in which E grades have been received must be successfully repeated before the student may take advanced work. 7. The grade for a repeated course will be recorded in the college files as "repeated and passed with grade of " LENGTH OF COURSES AND DEGREES The State Teachers College at Salem has four departments which train, respec- tively, teachers for elementary grades, teachers for junior high school grades, com- mercial teachers, and teachers of mentally handicapped children. All under-graduate courses offered are four years in length and lead to the degree of bachelor of science in education. Graduates of state teachers colleges (formerly known as state normal schools) who hold diplomas for 2-, 3-, or 4-year courses may complete their requirements for a degree at the State Teachers College at Salem through approved programs of extension courses. Graduate courses leading to the degree of master of education are offered at the state teachers colleges at Bridgewater, Fitchburg, Hyannis, and North Adams. EXPENSES The following summary indicates as nearly as possible the regular expenses for which each student must plan in an annual budget: I. Fees for Residents of Massachusetts. A. $75.00 a year* — Full-time students B. $2.50 a semester hour — Courses for part-time students C. $5.00 a semester hour — Extension courses XL Fees for Non-Residents of Massachusetts. A. $300.00 a year** — Full-time students B. $6.00 a semester hour — Extension courses III. Textbooks and Supplies. 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CO ^ Testir Obser- Princi Correc '-+3 o 1 i ^ 0) ^ ■^-^ 1 ^ y-^^-^^-^-y ^-^ '—^■^-^•^^^^ o3 o3 <I1 ^ s II ^3 ec^ooc/)Oi-i(Moo Tt^ lO CO t^ GO Ph Q Tft ;^ ooococococc .CO CO CO CO CO 1— 1 03 bC ^^ ^^ ^t^ ^^ ^^ "^^ ^^ C fl c rt fl fl ■'^ tt' Tft rf 13 C fl c CO o rH «} 'rr .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 _o .2 .2 .2 .2 •^ ^ •• o o3 d ■-I3 '-2 *-+^ '+i *-+^ '-+^ '-P *43 '^ Ip 1J2 Qi 60 .S o-c Q Ov irf o3 o3 c3 c3 o o o o o o 03 o3 o3 <^ c3 o o o a ^ O .1 ^ H J2; ^- 3 r3 ;3 ^ p ;3 ;3 3 US p 3 O) 03 ft 02 S^ 3 xJ t3 "t^ 'Td n3 't:! X5 TJtJ'TStJ o ^^'^ *a a H WWWH H wwww M fcqw p •1-^ 25 DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES ACCOUNTING Accounting 101 Mr. Hardy 6 sem. hrs. Introductory Course Miss Murphy A detailed analysis of the bookkeeping cycle, control accounts, adjustments, and partnerships. Accounting 201 Mr. Hardy 6 sem. hrs. Intermediate and Advanced Course Miss Murphy A study of principles, including the voucher system, corporations, manufacturing accounts, bonds, statement analysis, statement of application of funds, and mergers. Accounting 401 Mr. Hardy 2 sem. hrs. A Course of Problems Elective Advanced problems, including sets, based on va,rious business associations and their relation to one another. A portion of the course is devoted to the study of teacher examinations in the subject given at different times in various communities. Accounting 402 Mr. Hardy 2 sem. hrs. Auditing Elective The aim is to acquaint the student with the nature of auditing, auditing pro- cedures, kinds of audits, and internal check. ART Art 101 Miss Perry 3 sem. hrs. Introduction to Art A survey course designed to arouse interest in the field of art; to train the powers of observation; to develop an understanding and appreciation of the essential art principles of line, form, and color; to acquaint the student with the possibilities of diverse media; to stimulate and develop creative work through varied art activities. Practical problems followed by discussions and criticism lead to ability to use art as a means of expression, provide a working vocabulary of terms in common use in the field of art, and help to establish standards of judgment and good taste. Art 201 Miss Perry 6 sem. hrs. Creative Art Activities Elective Studio or laboratory work in creative self-expression. A wide variety of media and materials is employed — • paper, pencil, chalk, crayon, water color, ink, poster paint, alabastine, clay, wood, cloth, wire, cardboard, etc. Opportunity is given for group work on large illustrations, scenery, and murals. Art activities are integrated with social studies, literature, music, etc. At least one project calling for the mak- ing of a miniature model is attempted. Extensive experimentation is carried on in design and color. Decorations are planned for pageants, festivals, special assemblies, and dances. Exhibitions and window and counter displays are arranged. Modern practical problems are stressed. These art activities are pertinent to the experience of any elementary or junior high school teacher. Art 301 Miss Perry 3 sem. hrs. Art Appreciation Elective A consideration of all phases of art in everyday life, such as art in personal ap- pearance, art in the home, art in the school, art in the community, art in nature, art in advertising, and leisure time art hobbies. Modern trends are emphasized. With the aid of lantern slides, exhibitions, and demonstrations, the course describes how the rapid changes taking place along practical and aesthetic lines have influ- enced commercial, industrial, and domestic art. 26 BUSINESS Business 301 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Commercial Law The history and development of our present day law; the judicial practices of court procedure; the unit subjects of contracts, sales, bailments, agency, real estate, negotiable instruments, landlord and tenant. Business 302 Mr. Hardy 2 sem. hrs. Junior Business Training Elective A study of the content of junior business training as found in the usual textbook. In addition there are readings in current literature on the history, progress, and trends of the subject. Business 303 Mr. Hardy 2 sem. hrs. Business Mathematics Elective A thorough analysis of the subject with special emphasis on personal income taxes. Students are introduced to more advanced problems, such as true discount, sinking funds, and annuities. A knowledge of algebra should prove helpful in this course. Business 304 Miss Roberts 2 sem. hrs. Salesmanship Elective An analysis of the fundamentals of retail selling from the point of view of the merchant and salesperson. Sales demonstrations are held in class. Stores are visited and their sales techniques observed and reported on. Students are encouraged to contribute experiences gained during Saturday and vacation employment as sales- people. Business 305 Miss Roberts 2 sem. hrs. Consumer Education Elective The customer point of view is emphasized as the student studies such sources of merchandise information as advertising, labels, testing laboratories, grades and specifications, and the aid offered by the federal and state governments and private organizations. A special study of one type of merchandise from the consumer view- point is included. Business 401 Mr. Hardy 2 sem. hrs. Business Organization The aim of this course is to give the student an understanding of business, its relation to our everyday lives, its procedures, some of its problems and some of its major units. Much time is devoted to readings in current literature. Some atten- tion is given to money and banking. ECONOMICS Economics 301 Elective Miss Cruttenden 6 sem. hrs. 401 Required 3 sem. hrs. (Com'I) Principles and Problems of Economics An analysis of the underlying principles of the capitalistic system in relation to production, distribution, and consumption. Newspapers are used for illustrative material. In the longer course, economic principles are applied to modern problems. Round-table discussions and research papers are required. 27 EDUCATION Education 101 Mr. Doner 1 sem. hr. Fundamentals of Good Penmanship The course aims to develop a proper writing technique, and to acquire skill and fluency through study of good letter form, slant, spacing, and relative height of letters. Education 301 Miss Bunton 2 sem. hrs. Advanced Educational Psychology The treatment stresses the application of principles of psychology to problems of teaching, individual adjustment, and guidance. Among the topics considered are: principles of learning, motivation, attention and interest, efficiency of learning, transfer of training, study of individual differences, growth and measurement of intelligence, mental health, behavior problems, and personality adjustments. Education 302 4 sem. hrs. Practice Teaching For description see Education 402, Elementary and Junior High School Course. Education 303 Mr. Moody 2 sem. hrs. School Organization and Management A course given in conjunction with practice teaching. It considers school records, schoolroom materials and equipment, and the interrelationships among pupils, teachers, supervisors, and parents. Education 304 Miss Stone 4 sem. hrs. Teaching Arithmetic in the Elementary School Selection, grade placement, organization of subject matter, and teaching pro- cedures provide a background for the preparation of units of work for the first six grades. Education 305 Mr. Doner 1 sem. hr. Methods and Blackboard Writing 2 sem. hrs. (Com'l) A course in practical blackboard writing in which models and charts are employed for the improvement of the student's ability; also a study of the technique of paper writing in which standard tests are applied for the measurement of accurate letter form, slant, spacing, speed, and quality of line. Education 306 Miss Porter 3 sem. hrs. Teaching English in the Elementary School A study of the methods of teaching oral and written expression; modern tech- niques in spelling and reading. Special efforts are made to develop correct reading attitudes, habits, and skills, and to prepare for the effective teaching of reading in the elementary grades. Education 307 Miss Porter 3 sem. hrs. Children's Literature A course in juvenile literature designed to give a good basis for the appreciation, selection, and presentation of suitable materials for the elementary grades. It in- cludes an examination and evaluation of new literary materials for children's use and an acquaintance with the best illustrators of books for children. Education 308 ^ Mrs. King 1 sem. hr. (Com'l) Physical Education Miss Wallace % sem. hr. A continuation of the work of the second year together with a study of the pro- gram of physical education in the elementary, junior high, and senior high schools. Opportunity is afforded for practice teaching. Education 308A Mr. Lowrey 1 sem. hr. (Com'l) Physical Education ^, sem. hr. Methods for instruction and participation in a variety of activities and games; advanced corrective exercises; further direction in the field of leadership. 28 Education 309 Miss Perry 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Art in the Junior High School The objectives of art education in the modern junior high school. Through actual experience in group work, the student gains an understanding of the value of art activities in the whole curriculum. Freedom in exploration and creative expression under guidance is encouraged. Individual differences and capacities, social situ- ations, and vocational art are analyzed. Art integrated with general education is developed in unit form. Education 310 Miss Bunton 3 sem. hrs. Teaching English in the Junior High School The first part of the course deals with the problems and opportunities for the development of English expression in junior high school. Topics considered: the needs, capacities, and interests of pupils in grades VII, VIII, and IX, in respect to speaking and writing; motivation and conduct of oral and written composition; language usage, grammar and other technical aspects of expression; study of pupils' writing, and examination of courses of study. The second part deals with the under- standing and appreciation of the expression of others through a study of the nature of reading; diagnosis and remedial treatment of difficulties, methods, and materials of instruction for improvement of the reading of junior high school pupils. Education 311 Miss Stone 4 sem. hrs. Teaching Mathematics in the Junior High School The place of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry. Selection of content and teach- ing procedures are supplemented by an acquaintance with research in this field. Education 312 Miss Roberts 2 sem. hrs. Guidance in Education The principles and problems of educational and vocational guidance and their application in junior and senior high school courses. Education 313 Mr. Sproul 2 sem. hrs. Principles of Commercial Education Types of high school commercial education; underlying philosophies and their applications; scope at different school levels; organization of material into subjects, courses, curricula; agencies of commercial education; standards; methods and de- vices for evaluating classroom achievement. Education 401 Mr. Rockwell 3 sem. hrs. History and Philosophy of Education A synthesis of the history and basic principles of education. These basic prin- ciples are drawn from the ideals, institutions, and inventions of the more progressive nationalities. Folklore, folkways, and distinguishable levels of culture are exam- ined to discover the origin and growth of group life. The various patterns of human association in their social, religious, political, and economic aspects are evaluated for their contribution to the welfare of individuals and to the general welfare. Emphasis is placed on the growth and worth of human personality. Education 402 4 sem. hrs. Practice Teaching 6 sem. hrs. (Com'l) Elementary and Junior High School Course Sixteen weeks are spent in the Horace Mann Training School, which is located on the campus. The work is divided so that eight weeks come during the junior year and eight weeks during the senior year. Opportunity is thus afforded to train in two grades. The student begins by observing demonstration lessons given by the supervisor. Lesson plans are developed and soon the student is actually teach- ing. At first this consists of easy drill work only, but gradually more difficult types are attempted. Individual and group conferences, based upon written criticisms which the students receive, are held frequently. Each student keeps a register, and makes an effort to solve classroom problems without help. Commercial Course All seniors in the commercial department are assigned to selected public high schools for an eight-week period of observation and cadet teaching. They are supervised continuously by the regular high school teachers and their work is pe- riodically appraised and evaluated by members of the commercial department instructional staff. TRAINING SCHOOL ENTRANCE 29 Special Education Course In their senior year, after satisfactory completion of the required junior year of practice teaching in the regular grades, students are assigned to special classes in Salem and neighboring communities. In the beginning, each student works under the direct guidance of the regular teacher, and thus grows to accept responsibility for the training of groups of various levels of ability in all phases of the school pro- gram. The student plans, presents, and develops units of work for the pupils. Frequent conferences are held with the classroom teacher. Proper interpretation and use of clinical and school records are learned. Opportunity is afforded for case study work, remedial instruction, and practical application of the theory courses in psychology and methods. Education 403 Mr. Moody 2 sem. hrs. Tests and Measurements This course deals with tests and measurements from the point of view of the classroom teacher. Emphasis is placed upon the need and advantages of objective measurements; types of tests; test selection; statistical methods such as finding fre- quency distribution, percentile rank, mean, median, mode, quartile, and standard deviation; diagnostic advantages; and graphs which may be necessary to give an accurate picture of class progress. Education 404 Miss Perry 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Art in the Elementary School An intensive study of the aims and purposes of art education in the modern ele- mentary school. Practical problems in design, color, illustration, and craft work are planned and carried out. Opportunities are given for developing original units of work, and presenting single art lessons. Various methods of motivation, experi- mentation, demonstration, discussion, and criticism are considered. Child art is studied and evaluated. Emphasis is placed on the need for art in the school as a force functioning in the growth of the child and working toward the development of a finer public taste in home and community. Education 405 Miss Flanders 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Geography in the Elementary School This course adapts the content of previous geography courses to the work of the elementary school. Courses of study for the first six grades are examined and evaluated. The best use of tests, reference materials, pictures, and maps is dis- cussed. Varied methods of presentation are worked out. Education 406 Miss McGlynn 2 sem. hrs. Teaching History in the Elementary School A practical investigation into the courses of study and the methods of teaching history, from the storytelling and holiday celebrations of the lower grades to the more mature biographical and problem approaches of the upper grades. A working knowledge of world history and of American history is presupposed. Education 407 Mr. Woods 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Music in the Elementary School The theory of school music teaching, with lesson plans for each grade level. Practice teaching in the classroom and in the training school. Education 408 Mrs. King % sem. hr. (Com'l) Physical Education Miss Wallace 3^ sem. hr. Individual activities, sports, festivals, and pageants. Special opportunities are provided for coaching athletic events. \ Education 408 A Mr. Lowrey % sem. hr. (Com'l) Physical Education }4, sem. hr. Mediums of recreation and physical development suitable for pupils of all ages. Education 409 Mr. Lowrey M sem. hr. Theory of Physical Education Miss Wallace Theory of physical activities for children and early adolescents; specifically, the organization of programs, methods of conducting contests, and the general back- ground needed to direct a physical education course. 30 Education 410 Mr. Lowrey 1 sera. hr. Health Education Miss Wallace A study of school health education comprising materials, activities, and teaching procedures. Education 411 Miss Goldsmith 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Science in the Elementary School Methods of teaching nature material in the elementary grades, sources of ma- terial, teaching aids, the development of attitudes, and methods of procedure are considered and discussed. Education 412 Mr. Rockett 1 sem. hr. Extracurricular Activities A study of the problems involved in school activities outside the regular cur- riculum. An attempt is made to assist the young teacher in planning club programs, concerts, entertainments, assemblies, radio and visual projects, and the production of scholastic publications. The course deals also with student co-operative councils, faculty advisership, and the relation of parent-teacher organizations to school administration. Education 413 Mr. Whitman 1 sem. hr. Visual Education Elective A survey of the field of visual aids. Chart and slide making. Practice in the operation of various types of projectors. Education 414 Mrs. King sem. hrs. Coaching Elective An intensive study of coaching techniques in the major sports which should enable a graduate to teach and coach high school athletics successfully. Several class hours are provided during the course for the purpose of developing a personality which should make for vocational success. Education 414A Mr. Lowrey sem. hrs. Coaching Elective An examination of the techniques which make for success in coaching athletic teams with particular emphasis on the fundamentals of football, baseball, and basketball. Education 415 Miss Porter 3 sem. hrs. Junior High School Literature This course is designed to give a basis for the appreciation, selection, and presenta- tion of literature suitable for the junior high school. It includes an examination and evaluation of modern literary materials. Education 416 Miss Ware 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Geography in the Junior High School A survey is made of textbooks and courses of study. The need of field trips, pic- ture studies, graphs, and maps in a junior high school geography program is em- phasized. The students organize one major unit of work. Education 417 Miss McGlynn 2 sem. hrs. Teaching United States History in the Junior High School A study is made of various teaching methods designed to create an interest in American history and civics among the pupils of the upper grades. It is recognized that a knowledge of these subjects will become a constructive and important factor in the performance of the duties of citizenship. Education 418 Mr. Woods 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Music in the Junior High School The theory of school music teaching with special attention to junior high school problems; integrated units of work; practice teaching in the classroom and in the training school. 31 Education 419 Mr. Whitman 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Science in the Junior High School A brief survey of the development of general science in junior high schools. Courses of study, texts, workbooks, equipment, and preparation and use of demon- stration equipment are important parts of the work. Students formulate quiz and test questions. Supplementary materials are considered. Education 420 Mr. Rockett 2 sem. hrs. Teaching French in the Junior High School Elective Modern methods and technique in the teaching of French; readings on modern language pedagogy; lectures and discussions; observation of classroom procedure; practice teaching. Education 421 Mr. Rockett 2 sem. hrs. Teaching Latin in the Junior High School Elective Methods of teaching Latin in grades VII, VIII, and IX; presentation of particular grammatical principles; selection of texts, reference works, and other aids. Education 422 Miss Bunton 3 sem. hrs. History of Education A survey and interpretation of the principal forces and events that have influenced modern education from ancient times to the present day. The role of education in different periods and in different societies is studied with constant reference to the implications for present-day problems in education and society. Education 423 Mr. Sproul 3 sem. hrs. Statistical Methods, Tests and Measurements Elementary statistical procedures; functions of measuring in education; forms of measuring; specific tests; uses of results in testing. Education 424 Mr. Sproul 4 sem. hrs. Principles of Secondary Education Aims and objectives of secondary education; types of learning involved; principles governing selection of subject matter; textbooks; planning, directing, and learning; diagnostic and appraisal testing; classroom activities; teacher's personal equip- ment; supervision. Education 425 Mr. Hardy 13^ sem. hrs. Methods of Teaching Junior Business Training and Bookkeeping Emphasis is placed on techniques involving lesson plans, testing, grading,'rand remedial teaching. One objective is to accumulate materials and model lesson plans of use to a teacher of these subjects. Education 426 Miss Ware 13^ sem. hrs. Methods of Teaching High School Geography A survey of courses taught in high schools; a comparison of high school texts; selection of maps; use of current material; lesson planning. Education 427 Mr. Doner 1^^ sem. hrs. Advanced Course in the Fine Art of Handwriting Old English lettering; ornamental and engrosser's script. Education 428 Miss Edwards 2 sem. hrs. Methods of Teaching Gregg Shorthand Elective Designed to acquaint students with textbooks, readers, books of dictationj-ma- terial, and prognostic and diagnostic tests; to enable them to work out courses of study; and to distinguish between good and bad teaching procedures by the applica- tion of certain criteria. Education 429 Miss Badger 2 sem. hrs. Methods of Teaching Typewriting Elective General methods are considered. Texts are examined and criticized. Courses of study adapted to different groups of students are planned. 32 Education 430 Miss Perry 3 sem. hrs. Industrial Arts Handwork for students preparing to teacli special classes. The work includes: problems in plain and pattern weaving involving various types of looms; simple bookbinding; making decorative cover and end papers, portfolios, hinged covers, and octavo sewed books; wood and linoleum block printing; designing original blocks for textiles, cards, cover papers, etc.; the fundamental principles of modeling in clay and their adaptation to schoolroom projects; dyeing; rug making; leather- craft ^- tooling, stamping, and lacing; metalcraft (copper, pewter, aluminum, brass, and silver); basketry — the use of reed and raffia; gesso; and applied design. Education 431 Mr. Little 3 sem. hrs. Manual Arts Mechanical drawing; benchwork; wood turning; joinery; wood finishing; instruc- tion in the use of woodworking machinery; blueprinting; foundry, sheet metal, wrought iron and cement work; shoe repairing; brush making; chair caning; simple household repair; fundamentals of printing. Also, organization and presentation of subject matter for an appropriate course of study in manual arts, including use of illustrative material such as pictures, slides, motion pictures, film strips, copying devices for patterns and blackboard, and index filing of the sources of materials for special classes. Education 432 Miss Munyan 3 sem. hrs. Domestic Arts The study of foods includes the theory and practice of simple food preparation, elementary nutrition, meal planning, and table service. The clothing course deals with fundamental stitches, elementary construction processes, the use of the sewing machine, the use of the commercial pattern, and simple embroidery, knitting, and crocheting. Education 433 Miss Hoff 6 sem. hrs. Psychology of Subnormal Children An examination of individual differences; scientific studies of the mentally de- ficient; identification; classification; theories and studies of causes; social aspects; educational possibilities; development of desirable personalities; maladjusted per- sonalities; diagnosis and treatment of behavior deviations; defense reactions of the mentally deficient and their recognition and treatment. Education 434 Miss Hoff 53^ sem. hrs. Special Glass Methods Definition of special education; general and specific objectives in the education of mentally deficient children; curriculum selection; program making; organization of special schools, classes and groups within classes; differentiation according to mental levels; integration of special classes with the school as a whole; equipment; ma- terials; general procedure; methods in school subjects; diagnosis and remedial methods; character building; observation and practice in the training school and occasional visits to selected schools elsewhere. Education 435 Miss Hoff 43^ sem. hrs. Testing Theory and development of intelligence tests; knowledge and observation of, and some practice in administering, scoring and interpreting individual and group in- telligence tests, accomplishment tests, diagnostic tests, tests of social adaptation and efficiency, tests of special abilities as related to the problems of special education; knowledge and interpretation of statistical data found in current literature in the field. Education 436 Miss Hoff 13^ sem. hrs. Observation Miss Walker An opportunity to observe the procedures and techniques studied in Education 434. Background is enriched by frequent conferences, home visits, and actual teach- ing experience in the classroom. 33 Education 437 Miss Wallace 13^ sem. hrs. Principles of Physical Education and Health Education The course comprises: (1) theory of physical education, including diagnosis and correction of postural defects, rhythmical activities, motor activities, and games for children of various ages and levels of physical and mental ability; (2) theory of health education, including health services, health super^'ision, and methods of health instruction. Education 438 Miss Hoff H sem. hr. Correction of Speech Defects Identification of various types of speech defects in mentally retarded children; general procedures for improvement and correction. ENGLISH English 101 Miss Burnham 6 sem. hrs. Composition and Literature Miss Roberts The basis of the course is literature, supplemented by writing. Three types of literature are considered: poetry, drama, fiction. The written work consists of out- lines, summaries, outline analyses, and themes of varying length. English 102 Miss Burnham 6 sem. hrs. World Classics Elective Books selected from the writings of the world's greatest thinkers, beginning with Aristotle, are read in their entirety for the purpose of training the student to think clearly and purposefully. Material thus dealt with gives an understanding of the history of ideas and forms a background for work in other courses. English 201 Miss Burnham 6 sem. hrs. Survey of English and Miss Harris American Literature A study of the literature of England and America in sequences of literary periods. Detailed analysis is made of certain types whose thought, idealism, and human interest are certain to enrich the cultural and professional background. The course comprises outside -reading, oral and written reports, discussions, and lectures. English 301 Miss Burnham 4 sem. hrs. Advanced Composition Elective This course gives training in the arrangement and presentation of expository material. Biography and criticism are considered, also narrative and descriptive elements. English 302 Miss Porter 2 sem. hrs. Contemporary Literature Elective An attempt is made to furnish a wide appreciative acquaintance with the work of contemporary British and American writers. Their literary tendencies form a basis of comparison between "the best of the new and the old in literature." English 303 Miss Porter 6 sem. hrs. Contemporary Literature Elective An extensive reading course in the works of the newer and significant writers offers the student assistance in the comprehension of environment and the under- standing of contemporary life. AttitVides, tendencies, problems, conditions, and trends are reflected socially, politically, and culturally in recent literature. Knowl- edge of the traditional tastes and standards of the English-speaking people as re- vealed in the literature of the past are co-ordinated and unified with the present. English 401 Miss Burnham 6 sem. hrs. Shakespeare Elective A study of the major chronicle plays, comedies, and tragedies, interpreted against the background of the Elizabethan Age. Shakespeare is studied as both poet and dramatist. 34 English 402 Miss Porter 3 sem. hrs. Contemporary Literature A cross section of contcinponiry literature taken to discover the trends in modern draina, poetry, fiction, biograpliy, essays, and magazine literature; an attempt to develop criteria for evaluating their place in the reading of today. FRENCH French 101 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Grammar, Composition, and Translation Elective A review of French grammar in conjunction with oral and written composition; reading and classroom discussion of plays and stories. French 201 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Composition, Reading, and Conversation Elective Advanced composition based on French texts; dictation and conversation; read- ing of modern and classical authors. The course is designed to give the student practice in writing and speaking the language and to enable him to read easily and absorb the contents of the texts. French 301 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Written and Oral Expression Elective A thorough review of French grammar with particular emphasis upon the most difficult constructions; drill in the use of idioms; translation of texts dealing with French life and customs as well as with the geography and history of France. French 401 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Contemporary French Theater and Novel Elective 4 sem. hrs. (Jr. H.) A study of pre-war and post-war tendencies with particular emphasis on plays and novels; oral and written reports. GEOGRAPHY Geography 201 Miss Flanders 6 sem. hrs. Principles of Geography 4 sem. hrs. (Gom'l) A foundation course, prerequisite for advanced study in geography. It deals with the earth in space, the mathematical aspects of the globe, and the understanding of the climatic regions of the world. Later, the influences of land and water bodies, of natural resources, and of location on ways of living are considered. Regions of the United States are studied to illustrate how human adjustments are made to certain environmental factors. Geography 301 Miss Flanders 4 sem. hrs. Regional Geography This course applies the student's knowledge of geographic relationships to selected regions in an effort to discover their dominant environmental factors and human activities. Chief emphasis is placed on the United States and Latin America. Geography 302 Miss Ware 4 sem. hrs. Continental Geography Studies are made of the contrasts offered by the continents of Europe and Asia. Countries are studied in terms of their economic development and world relations. Geography 303 Miss Ware 6 sem. hrs. Regional Geography of the Western Hemisphere Elective As the Americas offer a wide variety of geographic regions, a detailed study is made of the most significant. The emphasis throughout the course is on the United States and its relationship with the rest of the hemisphere. 35 Geography 304 Required Miss Ware 6 sem. hrs. 402 Elective Economic Geography Selected raw materials and foodstuffs are studied in their relation to production, manufacturing, and commerce. The development of modern means of trans- portation as influenced by geographic factors and as related to world trade is in- cluded in the course. Emphasis is on the United States. Geography 401 Miss Flanders 6 sem. hrs. Continental Geography Elective Regional studies of the continents of Europe and Asia. Special reference is made to geographic influences on current conditions. Through geographic and economic studies of the great empires the relations of Australia and Africa to Europe and Asia are emphasized. HISTORY History 101 Miss McGlynn 6 sem. hrs. World History 4 sem. hrs. (Com'l) A survey of the civilizations of the world, ancient and modern, eastern and west- ern. It emphasizes the social and economic as well as the political, biographical, and chronological aspects of world history. History 201 Miss McGlynn 3 sem. hrs. Advanced United States History Mr. Rockwell 2 sem. hrs. (Com'l) The story of our country from the period of discovery to our own time, with particular stress upon contemporary social, economic, and political problems. History 202 Miss McGlynn 3 sem. hrs. United States Constitutional Mr. Rockwell 2 sem. hrs. (Com'l) Government The origin of the political institutions of the United States; the federal constitu- tion and its interpretations; the present structure and functions of the national government; the origin and content of the Massachusetts state constitution and the structure and functions of the state government; local government and institutions. History 401 Miss Cruttenden 6 sem. hrs. International Affairs Elective An introductory study of the development of constitutionalism, nationalism, industrialism, and imperialism in the leading world powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries; a comprehensive study of present international relations; round-table discussions and research papers. LATIN Latin 201 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. Grammar, Composition, and Translation Elective A review of Latin grammar and vocabulary; exercises in composition; Cicero's Letters, De Senectute, and De Amicitia. Latin 301 Mr. Rockett 6 sem. hrs. History and Literature Selective Caesar, Cicero, and Vergil are studied for their literary value and historical con- tent. The various phases of Roman civilization are examined to provide back- ground for a teacher of the classics. Latin 401 Mr. Rockett 4 sem. hrs. Horace and Pliny Elective Through the letters of Pliny the student becomes familiar with the life and cus- toms of the Romans. Through the Odes of Horace he acquires an appreciation of Latin poetry. With the Odes as models, some attempt is made at the composition of lyrics. 36 LOGIC Logic 201 Mr. Lowrey 3 sem. hrs. Principles of Minor Logic A study of the science of correct thinking; the canons and criteria of right reason- ing. Specific personal and educational problems are considered and interpreted with a view to guiding the student toward a practical and intimate application of logic principles. MATHEMATICS Mathematics 101 Miss Stone 6 sem. hrs. Introduction to College Mathematics Elective Development of elementary mathematics; the concepts underlying mathematics; the nature of mathematics and its relation to other fields of knowledge. Mathematics 201 Miss Stone 6 sem. hrs. Social-Economic Arithmetic and Advanced Algebra Elective The arithmetic covers the knowledge of banking, insurance, and investment needed by the average citizen for personal use. The algebra embraces linear and quadratic equations, variations, sequences, mathematical induction, permutations and combinations, determinants, complex numbers, and theory of equations. Mathematics 301 Miss Stone 6 sem. hrs. Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry Elective Functions of angles; solution of right and of oblique triangles; general formulae and logarithms. The study of Cartesian co-ordinates, straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, polar co-ordinates, transformation of co-ordinates, tangents, and normals. ' Mathematics 401 Miss Stone 6 sem. hrs. History of Mathematics Elective In the development of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry, emphasis is placed on acquaintance with and preparation of written materials and equipment which make for the enrichment of the teaching of elementary mathematics. MUSIC Music 101 Mr. Woods 3 sem. hrs. Nature and Significance of Music Review of elementary theory; music appreciation historically and as a listening project. Music 201 Mr. Woods 6 sem. hrs. Human Values in Music Elective An examination into the aesthetics of music and its influences upon the peoples of various lands and periods. Music 301 Mr. Woods 3 sem. hrs. Survey of Music in the Elementary School Elective Further study of school music; increased familiarity with texts and materials; program making for school occasions. OFFICE TRAINING Office Training 201 Miss Edwards 13^ sem. hrs. Filing and Office Machines Miss Murphy A beginners' course in the operation of such office machines as duplicators, calcu- lators, the dictaphone, the ediphone, etc. A portion of the time is devoted to the study and practice of various methods of filing. Office Training 301 Miss Edwards 2 sem. hrs. Advanced Office Practice Miss Murphy Further practice in the operation of office machines; a survey of certain textbooks in office training; formulation of courses of study. 37 PHYSICAL EDUCATION Physical Education 101 Mrs. King 1 sem. hr. Activities A foundation course in all phases of physical education. Special attention is paid to individual needs as determined by physical and medical examinations given upon admission. Game skills and team games as well as rhythmic activities are stressed. Hygiene is an integral part of the course. Physical Education lOlA Mr. Lowrey 1 sem. hr. Activities General gymnasium work including marching tactics, free arm exercises, group contests, sports, and games. Physical Education 201 Mrs. King 1 sem. hr. Activities Miss Wallace Emphasis is placed upon activities which are of especial benefit to the student and which have a carry-over value into adult recreational life. An effort is made to improve skills. Opportunities are provided to develop powers of leadership. Physical Education 201A Mr. Lowrey 1 sem. hr. Activities An intensification of the program of the freshman year with particular stress on major sports. Attention is directed toward those qualities which characterize the successful teacher of physical education. PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 101 Mr. Rockwell 3 sem. hrs. General Psychology General characteristics of behavior; hereditary background; individual develop- ment; bases of motivation; personal problem^s in motivation; fundamentals of learn- ing; conditions of learning; thinking; conditions of efficiency. SCIENCE Science 101 Miss Goldsmith 4 sem. hrs. Biological Science The fundamental principles of biology, with special attention to the responses'of living forms to their environment, structure and the accompanying functions, means of protection, plant and animal associations, variation, progression, and the con- servation of valuable and disappearing species. Studies are based upon direct ex- perience with living forms in the field or the laboratory. Science 102 Mr. Whitman 4 sem. hrs. General Science A general consideration of the applications of science to the field of industry and commerce. Science 201 Mr. Whitman 4 sem. hrs. Physical Science ^ An elementary study of the fundamentals of physical science; the influence of chemistry and physics upon practical everyday devices and experiences. Science 202 Miss Goldsmith 6 sem. hrs. Nature Study Elective A course to provide actual contacts with trees, flowers, birds, insects, gardens, and any nature forms which may furnish content material for a better appreciation of one's own environment. It also serves as a background for the elementary science methods course in the senior year. 38 Science 301 Mr. Whitman 6 sem. hrs. Advanced Physical Science Elective A survey of the held of physical science; some advanced work in physics and chemistry. Particular attention is devoted to astronomy and geology. Science 302 Mr. Whitman 2 sem. hrs. Survey of Science This course disregards the artificial boundaries of the special sciences. It attempts to fill in the gaps in a well-rounded general survey of science. Emphasis is placed upon subject matter likely to be useful to a junior high school teacher. Science 303, 401 Miss Goldsmith 6 sem. hrs. Economic Biology Elective The objective is to provide a background of material applicable to teaching in the junior high school and to promote discussions of plants and animals important in the economic life of the nation. Living forms are studied in their relation to various industries, to human welfare, to definite geographical areas, and as factors in the development of trade and minor industries. Science 402 Mr. Whitman 6 sem. hrs. Advanced General Science Elective A further consideration of the content of general science; opportunity to par- ticipate in industrial excursions; some laboratory practice. Time is devoted to cur- rent science and the work of present-day scientists. Science 403 Mr. Whitman 2 sem, hrs. Practical Science An attempt to provide knowledge in elementary science and skill in the prepara- tion of equipment and the construction of scientific toys. The work centers around such topics as air pressure, ventilation, fire, house heating, use of electricity in the home, good lighting, photography, and common machines. Appropriate materials and equipment for scientific demonstrations are assembled for carrying out with children units of work concerning clothing, foods, transportation, communication, rhythmic orchestrations, etc. SHORTHAND Shorthand 101 Miss Edwards 4 sem. hrs. Gregg Shorthand Principles A beginners' course in the principles of Gregg shorthand Shorthand 201 Miss Edwards 53^ sem, hrs. Principles, Dictation, and Miss Murphy Transcription Advanced study of the principles of Gregg shorthand. Students achieve ability to take dictation at the rate of 80 words a minute and to transcribe notes rapidly and accurately. Shorthand 301 Miss Edwards 23^ sem. hrs. Secretarial Technique Miss Murphy Further development of ability in taking shorthand notes up to a speed of 100 words a minute and in transcribing them with speed and accuracy; training in other secretarial duties. SOCIOLOGY Sociology 301 Miss Cruttenden 3 sem. hrs. Principles and Problems of Sociology A study of the social principles which control group life and produce the various cultures, to the end that a better understanding may be had of the interrelation- ships of individuals and groups. Short research papers are required. 39 SPEECH Speech 101 Miss Badger 1 sem. hr. Fundamentals of Good Speech Miss Harris An effort to develop greater efficiency in oral expression by the elimination of common speech errors and undesirable mannerisms. The real objective of speech training and the basic factors constituting correct speech are first carefully con- sidered. The classroom then becomes a laboratory where students are given oppor- tunity to improve their speech by corrective drills and by individual presentation before the class of various speech assignments, subject to the helpful criticism of the group. Whenever necessary, special attention is given to individual cases to bring them up to the standard of the class. Speech 201 Miss Badger 1 sem. hr. Speech Construction and Delivery Miss Roberts Planned to provide practical training in the preparation and delivery of various types of speeches; to give facility in the organization and presentation of classroom material; to eliminate defects in voice and posture; and to develop in the student the ability to speak easily, confidently, and forcefully. Speech 301 Mr. Hardy 1 sem. hr. Parliamentary Law Miss Roberts A study of procedure for meetings and assemblies of a temporary or permanent nature. Much of the class time is devoted to practice. Some training is given in the conduct of group discussions such as those of the forum and the panel. Speech 401 Miss Harris 1 sem. hr. Dramatics, Debating, and Miss Roberts 3^ sem. hr. (Sp.Ed.) Platform Oratory An advanced course in literary interpretations, creative dramatics, school pro- grams, presentation of literary characters, play reading, practical debate, and plat- form work. TYPEWRITING Typewriting 101 Miss Badger 4 sem. hrs. Foundation Course for Beginners A course designed to make of each student an accurate touch operator by impart- ing a thorough knowledge of the keyboard and of the use of the various parts of the machine, and by instruction in rhythmic typewriting. Accuracy tests are given as well as exercises of a practical nature. Typewriting 201 Miss Badger 3 sem. hrs. Typewriting Projects Miss Murphy Further development of typing ability. Practical problems are presented, includ- ing projects in letter arrangement, literary matter, statistics, legal documents, and related office practice. Special attention is given to the development of speed with accuracy and to transcription from shorthand notes. 40 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS The Co-operative Council jMany matters pertaining to the general welfare of the college are referred for consideration to the co-operative council which meets biweekly. This is a demo- cratic body, consisting of the president of the college, three members of the faculty, and representatives chosen by each of the several classes. The council was organized primarily to give students a voice in the management of the institution, and share in the responsibility for its success. Association of Childhood Education This is a branch of the National Association for Childhood Education, and is open to all students of the elementary department. Meetings are held once a month on a day other than club day. Well-known speakers, activities suitable for the lower grades, and trips of educational interest comprise the program. The aim of the association is to familiarize students with the opportunities offered by the national organization to teachers in service. Men's Athletic Association The primary object of the men's athletic association is to foster a spirit of fra- ternity. Membership is automatic upon payment of the blanket fee regardless of whether the individual participates in varsity sports. The association belongs to the New England Teachers College Athletic Conference which has organized perma- nent basketball and baseball leagues. Supplementing the activities of the varsity teams, the men's athletic association sponsors an intramural basketball league to determine the college champions. Social affairs include an alumni night and a spring banquet which closes the season. Women's Athletic Association The association conducts all extracurricular sports for women, including such activities as soccer, field hockey, basketball, volleyball, soft ball, archery, tennis, badminton, and other individual sports. Payment of the blanket fee establishes membership in the association. The John Burroughs Club Appeals to all who are interested in the out-of-doors. Field trips are taken when- ever conditions permit and are supplemented by visits to museums, greenhouses, and gardens. The winter meetings consist of various types of programs and the construction of bird feeders and nesting boxes, the assembling of collections, and other kinds of handwork. The Camera Club The camera club has equipment in its darkrooms for developing films, copying pictures, and making contact prints and enlargements. There is opportunity for those interested to take activity pictures around the college, to gain experience in minican photography, and to become proficient in the use of photoflood and photo- flash lamps. Some meetings are devoted to lectures by outside talent and to the use of the motion-picture projector. College Choir The personnel is carefully chosen for singing ability. Regular rehearsals are held. Songs are rendered at chapel, at outside concerts, over the radio, etc. Strict rules of attendance and scholarship are maintained. The size of the group is limited and its membership confined to young women of the student body. Girls' Glee Club An elective and selective group, meeting each week to rehearse music sung on different occasions. Some of the activities are joint concerts with other college groups, operettas, college concerts, radio appearances, etc. 41 The Conimercial Council The commercial council is the executive organization of the students enrolled in the commercial department. The members are chosen by election, three from each of the four classes. The council takes cognizance of all activities of interest to com- mercial students, arranges for special lectures, demonstrations, business exhibits, educational movie films, and similar activities. It endeavors to be a functioning service club. With the funds it has raised by the selling of candy, it has equipped the department with a stereopticon, several filmslide projectors, and a 16 mm. pro- jector. It recently purchased a recording phonograph-radio, with which it is planned to make a permanent record of outstanding talent and to aid students, especially seniors, in improving their speech traits. Further purchases of equipment are being planned. The council sponsors the annual banquet of the commercial students. Bookclub The book club offers all lovers of good reading an opportunity to enjoy the best books and to aquire a finer and more flexible background for the appreciation and interpretation of our present-day literature. A knowledge of "the best that has been thought and said in the world" is essential to "more complete living" and general culture. Student participation in discussions, reviews, and various social activities helps to make an interesting program for the work of the year. Dramatic Club An organization to develop student talents. There are opportunities for experi- ence in directing, make-up, and stage management. In addition to the bimonthly meetings, the annual program includes an initiation banquet to receive freshmen; the "Tournament Plays" — a series of three one-act plays, a comedy, a tragedy, and a drama; a theater party; a Christmas play; a three-act play; chapel programs; and a farewell party. International Relations Club Open to all students of the cbllege who are interested in studying and discussing international situations of current interest. It is sponsored by the Carnegie Founda- tion to the extent that it receives books, pamphlets, and bulletins which are avail- able not only to club members but to the entire college. In the fall, delegates are sent to a regional conference arranged for by the Foundation. Here, together with delegates from other colleges, they take part in round-table discussions and attend lectures given by outstanding authorities. For the benefit of the student body the club provides a lecturer on present-day problems and sponsors talks by foreign students. The Log The college newspaper, published monthly. Offers students an opportunity for obtaining experience in news writing. The members of the staff and their advisers conduct news classes in the fall for those who desire to join or to prepare for an advisership of a school newspaper. The Log is a member of the Scholastic Press Association of the Associated Collegiate Press and a charter member of the Asso- ciation of Massachusetts Teachers College Publications. The Mathematics Club Affords academic and social enrichment to its members. Through acquaintance with such topics as consumer probleipis, the mathematics of hobbies, and visual aids in the fields of mathematics, the student is better prepared for participation in home and community life and for the guidance of children in their extracurricular activities. At dinners held in November and April, guest speakers bring informa- tion about recent trends in the teaching field. Pitman Debating Society This organization provides opportunity for students to develop their public speak- ing abilities through declamation contests and through club, radio, and intercol- legiate debates. The emphasis is on widespread participation rather than on inten- sive work for a few. 42 Sketch Club The sketch club is intended for those students who have a particular interest in drawing. The varied program of activities includes: outdoor sketching trips, indoor sketching of people and still life, field trips to museums and industries using art, and talks by professional artists. Members of the club have the additional opportunity of exhibiting their work at intervals throughout the year. Craft Club The craft club offers its members an opportunity to participate in various craft activities. This background of elementary handwork is suitable for playgrounds, camps, clubs, scout groups, work in special classes, and occupational therapy. The program includes: making of decorative papers, bookbinding, block printing, weav- ing, leatherwork, metalcraf t, clay modeling, mask making, plaster casting, basketry, raffia work, fibre craft, gimp lacing, and beadwork. There also may be work in stagecraft, including the making of stage sets with scenery, stage lighting, costume designing, and marionette construction. Travel Club As the name indicates, the club group is interested in travel. Their activities are sponsored by the geography department. The year's program includes various features, such as trips to local areas of special interest, travel talks often illustrated with moving pictures, reviews of current and choice books of travel, discussions concerning the value of travel, how to plan and conduct trips, how to visit museums, etc. Tri-Mu A social club for boarding students and residents of Salem and vicinity. It holds social meetings once a month in the homes of the students, with occasional picnics or theater parties. With money earned through the sale of Christmas cards it has started and is helping to augment a recreational book shelf in the library. p^ O O O 43 GENERAL INFORMATION The Massachusetts Program of Teacher Training The State Teachers College at Salem is one of ten similar colleges in the Common- wealth. It is strictly a professional institution. No person may be admitted or retained who does not give reasonable promise of developing into an effi cient teacher. Board and Room Although the college has no dormitories, it recommends, to students who are unable to commute, houses in Salem where board and room may be obtained. The regular rate is $8.00 a week. All boarding students are required to live in such ap- proved houses. Exceptions to this rule are made only for those whose parents wish them to reside with relatives or family friends. The houses meet the following re- quirements of the Department of Education: (1) They accept no boarders other than students and instructors of the teachers college. (2) The same house does not receive both men and women students. (3) The number of students in each house is limited to a small group. Those who take our students into their homes must assume responsibility for their conduct in the same measure as would be required of teachers or matrons in charge of dormitories. College Restaurant A restaurant is maintained in the building on a nonprofit-making basis. At- tractive menus are offered daily at reasonable prices. The College Library The college library, containing about 13,500 volumes, supplements the instruc- tion in the various courses and serves as a reading and study center for the student body. Books are accessible during the hours when the college is in session. The library provides a well-rounded reference collection, books for recreational reading, and subscription to about 120 periodicals. Students may use the library without fines or fees. Scholarships Through the generosity of graduates of the college, several scholarships have been established. These are awarded to students on a basis of need. Applications should be made to the president after the opening of the college year. The following funds are available: Susan Marvin Barker Scholarship Fund Walter Parker Beckwith Scholarship Fund Ella Franklin Carr Memorial Fund Alpheus Crosby Memorial Fund Ellen Maria Dodge Scholarship Fund Richard Edwards Memorial Association Fund Daniel Barnard Hagar Memorial Fund Harriet Laura Martin Memorial Fund (for graduate study only) Amanda Parsons Scholarship Fund Pitman Scholarship Fund Louise 0. Twombly Scholarship Fund At Harvard University four scholarshps are granted, each with an annual value of four hundred dollars, for the benefit of students in Harvard College who are gradu- ates of any reputable teachers college in the United States. State Aid The legislature m^akes an annual appropriation ranging from four thousand to six thousand dollars to be distributed among worthy teachers college students Vv^ho are unable to defray their expenses. The money is apportioned according to the enroll- ments in the respective institutions. It should be noted that Salem residents are excluded from the benefits of this appropriation. National Youth Administration A National Youth Administration program is in operation here. Customary regulations are in force. The federal government has been very generous, and it is usually possible to help every deserving applicant. Placement The state maintains a central employment bureau for prospective teachers. No separate bureaus function at the teachers colleges. However, every reasonable effort is made by the administration to secure positions for Salem graduates. 44 REGISTER OF STUDENTS GRADUATING CLASS — 1941 Elementary Department Bergman, Esther F. Boyle, Grace Catherine . Cardinal, Mary Frances Curtis, Elizabeth Frances Dickson, Ethel Margaret Flynn, Lorraine Bernadette Forbes, Margaret Rebecca Gagnon, Mary Elizabeth Irene Gallant, L. Claire Ann . Grassi, Solina L. Hayman, Miriam Flora . Horgan, Mary Elizabeth Houston, Helen Thomes Johnson, Eleanor Sophia Johnson, Phyllis Marie . Kay, Virginia Appleton . Locke, Miriam Jane Lyons, Dorothea Ann MacLellan, Josephine Anne McAuliffe, Mary Josephine Mello, Gloria Leonore O'Shea, Margaret Mary Packard, Virginia Edith Pike, Evelyn Mae . Pitts, Phyllis Celeste Quimby, Althea Hayes Riley, Annabel Diane Rovic, Helen Marie Ryan, Eleanor Catherine Shaughnessy, Barbara Eleanor Shepherd, Eva Louise Squires, Martha Marie . Timms, Alice Doris Tuohy, Aloyse Martina . Wallace, Marian Elizabeth Weinstein, Eleanor Anzuoni, Louise Eleanor Attridge, James Francis, Jr. Beaucage, Robert Prescott Chase, Eleanor Pauline . Clancy, Richard Thomas Colbert, William Montague Fossa, Mary Terese Herlihy, Jane Moore Holbrook, Muriel Hazel . Holloran, Julie Ann Hughes, Helen Josephine Malik, Geneva Julia Martin, Helen Marie McCarthy, Margaret Frances O'Leary, Kathleen Mary Pirie, Elizabeth Berenice Seigal, Joseph Waldron, Lurana Marie . Witham, Virginia Elizabeth Junior High Department Blood, Lillian Catherine Brown, Bertha . ^ . Caram, Mildred Josephine Carroll, Dorothy Ruth . Cirioni, Florence Ruth Commercial Department Stoneham Revere Woburn Saugus Amesbury Chelsea Swampscott Marblehead Lynn Revere Rowley Chelsea Beverly Lynn Melrose Maiden Chelsea Maiden Tewksbury Maiden Somerville Lynn Revere Chelsea Chelsea South Essex Revere Cambridge Peabody Maiden Peabody Everett Boston Revere Revere Lynn Ipswich Salem Haverhill Lynn Beverly Maiden Danvers Salem East Saugus Gloucester Medford Lynn Medford West Somerville Salem Swampscott Chelsea Beverly Revere Everett Lynn Lowell Lynn Hopedale 45 Colocousis, Bessie . Connick, Alice Catherine Constantinidis, John Costas Devine, Helen Faye Eynon, Evelyn Seymour Eynon, Ruth Parshall Fischer, Doris Bertha Folan, Edna Mary Foley, Elizabeth Mary . Garber, Sylvia Gibbs, William Towle . Heino, Aune Elsie . Hill, Louise Josephine Hourihan, Eleanor Bernice Johnson, Virginia Ada Kavanagh, Mildred Alice Levin, Elenor Madian, Clara Mager, Winifred Marques, Mary Gilda McGarahan, Mary Rita Morey, George Malcolm Nelson, Evelyn Linnea . Patterson, E. Van . Pelley, Eva Mary . Polansky, Rhoda Shayne Rentoumis, Athena Reynolds, Ruth Adine . Shaw, Marjorie Frances . Shosterman, Marye Ruth Shumrak, Harold Lonian Simpson, Barbara Emily Smyrnios, Philip Nickolas Spofford, Grace Elizabeth Stanley, Marjorie Ellen . Tarbox, Marian Ruth Special Education Department Blanchard, Thelma Arline Canter, Nina Beatrice Lobacz, Stella Agnes Parks, Barbara Claire Parks, Daniel E. . Preston, Jane Anne Preston, Rosamond E. . Sheehan, Richard Xavier Smith, Maurice Francis . Sullivan, Margaret Genevieve Taylor, Virginia Teed, Esther Frances Haverhill Lynn Lowell Somerville Lynn Lynn Lynn Woburn Cambridge Lynn Salem East Boston East Weymouth Peabody Lynn Danvers Salem Haverhill Leominster Stoneham Lowell Gloucester Lynn Lowell Lynn Salem Salem Holyoke Billerica Lynn Lynn New Bedford Peabody Haverhill I^awrence Lynn West Somerville Salem Wakefield West Somerville Gloucester Salem Beverly Maiden Salem Fall River Beverly Salem Carney, Rita Marie Chrisomalis, Helen Cogswell, Ruth Elizabeth Connors, Mary Elizabeth DeSimone, Rose Mary Driscoll, Andrea Anne Farrell, Frances Teresa Flynn, Elaine Frances Gallant, Annette Ruth Gilhooly, Mary Josephine Green, Virginia Horton Levy, Bessie Karp Linden, Virginia Mary Moody, Barbara Alice Morandi, Norma Mary SENIOR CLASS Elementary Department Peabody Lynn Wenham Danvers Lynn Somerville Amesbury Swampscott North Andover Somerville East Lynn Salem Swampscott Swampscott Somerville 4G Murphy, Beatrix Adele Myers, Mildred Evelyn Newell, Lawrence Joseph Nissenbaum, Mathilda O'kShea, Helen Gertrude Pooler, Eleanor Ruth Rose, Eleanor Mary Sack, Ruth Adele . Senger, Irene Eleanor Shatz, Rita . Stacey, Grace Regina Thanos, S. Eva Junior High Department Bailey, Gertrude Beatrice Bailey, Mildred Louise . Carey, Marian Rose Cloon, Arline Elizabeth . Connolly, Catherine Louise Crockwell, Charles Leo . Dandeneau, Mary Constance Dodge, Evelyn Caldwell Fargo, Maryalice . Friedman, Bernice Doris Gagnon, Louise Mary Haverty, Marjorie Howard, John Christopher, Jr Kiley, Mary Claire Locke, Herbert Lewis Lombard, Ursula Maureen Mael, Mildred Evelyn . McMullen, Rita Terese . McNeil, Anne Frances . Melville, Catherine Veronica Mrose, Irene Caroline O'Halloran, Mary Octavia Phelan, Eilleen Patricia . Reddy, Thomas F. Santilli, Chester William Seigal, Morris Staples, Barbara Longley Teixeira, Marie Evangeline Thompson, Miriam Hazel Commercial Department Allen, Phyllis Gertrude . Alvezi, Carolyn Mary Anderberg, Alice Hedvig Ball, Vernelle Bedard, Jeannette E. Brown, Mary Frances Burke, Elizabeth Harriet Coffey, Helen Louise Cooper, Grace Mildred . Costello, Margaret Gertrude Desmond, Josephine Catherine Donovan, Elizabeth Pauline Finn, Mary Agnes Garber, Nancy Lee Gerrig, Gladys Godfrey, Pearl Marguerite Gradone, Michael B., Jr. Hallett, Corinne Elizabeth Harkins, Barbara Joan Hassett, Joan Alice Hughes, Barbara E. Huttula, Lydia Miriam . Hymanson, Nathan Janes, Ruth . Danvers Chelsea Maiden Somerville East Lynn Salem Somerville Lynn Danvers Revere Cambridge Gloucester Medford Lynn Marblehead Lynn Salem Medford North Andover Ipswich West Medford Beverly Beverly Salem Medford Winthrop Chelsea Ipswich Millis Medford Salem Lynn Maiden Medford Salem Salem Everett Chelsea Beverly Dorchester West Newbury Whitinsville Sandwich Lynn Lynn Salem Dorchester Forestdale West Newbury Chelsea Wakefield Mattapan Brighton Roxbury Lynn Chelsea Lowell Medford Canton Salem Great Barrington Fitchburg Fitchburg Lynn Danvers 47 Johnson, Elsie Anna Kelley, Rita Frances Kennis, Frances Anita . Keyes, Ruth Gertrude . Lane, John E. Logan, Sandra Michael . LoPorto, Theresa Barbara Lynch, Norman Paul McKenna, Madeline Ann Murray, Marjorie Ford . O'Leary, Joseph J. Pinder, Mary Elizabeth . Reynolds, Norma Kathleen Ricciardello, Louise Constance Sakrison, Doris Elizabeth Seymour, Frances Albertine Sieve, Lillian Irene Slattery, Esther Josephine Smith, Pauline Wilhelmina Stanton, William Raypaond Sullivan, Charlotte Elizabeth Twomey, Mary Alice Viens, Raymond J. . Wall, Henry J. Watson, Mary Lavina Weinerman, Beatrice Zeppernick, Edna Isabella Special Education Department Abelson, Lillian Brownrigg, Helen Rita . Cashman, Mary Josephine Donahue, Patricia . Hyde, Margaret Elizabeth McKeeman, Gordon Butler Rice, Vera Sullivan, Agnes Gil way . Sullivan, Edna Catherine Traquair, Margaret Guthrie Lowell Medford Lawrence Lowell Rockport Lynn Brookline Cambridge Holyoke Salem Charlestown East Boston Newburyport East Boston Lynn Lynn Lynn Beverly Charlestown Haverhill Cambridge Lynn Haverhill Lynn East Lynn Lawrence Winthrop Mattapan Cambridge Newburyport Haverhill Melrose East Lynn Everett Princeton Cambridge Melrose Aylward, Alice Louise Biggar, Helen Litster Bluestein, Marion . Buckley, Margaret Mary Burwen, Alta Marilyn Carbone, Marguerite Theresa Cillis, Helen Florence Glarkin, Eileen Patricia . Connors, Mary Joanna . Cybuch, Frances . Dalaklis, Mary Dewing, Norma Mae Donovan, Alice Mary Doron, Blanche Marie . Eastman, Dorothy Helen Edwards, Marjorie Cecelia Fahey, Eleanor Margaret Flaherty, Barbara . Fliegel, Norris Eli . Gagnon, Mildred Irene . Glass, Muriel Jacqueline Hankins, Silvie Mary Harding, Dorothy Frances Henderson, Shirley Jane Joyce, Ruth Theresa Kimball, Aileen Ethel JUNIOR CLASS Elementary Department East Boston Revere Maiden Somerville Roslindale Revere Winthrop Salem Cambridge Revere Somerville Lynn Salem Salem Danvers Medford Lynn Everett Beverly Salisbury Everett Everett Revere Haverhill Wakefield Lvnn 48 Lovett, Mary Frances MacGregor, Beth Gray . Maclnnes, Barbara Elizabeth McKay, Jean Catherine . McKerrall, Katherine Mary- Milton, Ella Marjorie Morson, Edith Annie Mulligan, Margaret Anne Nestor, Elizabeth . O'Brien, Elizabeth O'Neil, Daniel Joseph Pacifici, Elvira Eleanor . Ring, Shirley Bernice Rogers, Ruth Lillian Sarota, Molly Saxe, Sylvia Ruth . Scalera, Carmine Marie . Shore, Helen S. Smith, Natalie Isabelle . States, Winnifred Mildred Thurlow, Barbara Eunice "Welch, Frances Anita Welch, Marion Louise Capone, John D. . Dorr, Mildred F. . Francis, Lena Gallant, Robert Albert Guidara, Nicholas . Haley, Patricia Agnes Herman, Maurice L. Hosker, Francis Montgomery Hyland, Gladys Elizabeth Keegan, Marie Elizabeth Lappas, Charles Lospennato, Ledo . Maloney, Edward Warren Murano, Raymond Salvatore Murray, Jean Margreta . O'Brien, Jean Ellen O'Brien, Katherine Louise Plant, Doris Marie Scopa, Clementia Louise Silver, Myer . Slavit, Saul Bertram Thistle, Everett G. Zetes, Christie Nicholas . Junior High Department Ahern, Regina Marie Alpers, Harriet Rose Barry, Robert E. . Blacker, Lillian Gertrude Conlon, Charles Richard Cummings, Helen Patrice Dulgarian, Lucy Fischer, Constance Doris Frame, Dorothy Frances Freedland, Estelle . Hajinlian, Rosa Lee Hancock, Joseph Howard Hederson, Helen Marie . Kierce, Mary Elizabeth . Klubock, Ann Toby Langford, Mary Catherine Latorella, Angela Josephine Lenihan, Madeline Rose Machaj, Victoria Anne . Commercial Department Beverly Maiden Winthrop Marblehead Everett Newburyport Wenham Revere Medford Chelsea East Boston Somerville AUston Lynn Lynn Maiden Lawrence Revere Lynn Roxbury Hathorne Somerville Somerville Revere Haverhill North Westport Revere Lynn Maiden Chelsea Lynn Beverly Lawrence Peabody Revere Wakefield Chelsea Swampscott Arlington South Essex Somerville Medford Revere Chelsea Everett Lynn Arlington Salem Everett Roxbury East Lynn West Roxbury Chelmsford Salem North Andover Winthrop Chelsea Somerville Chelsea Lowell Lawrence Lynn Dorchester Somerville Ipswich 49 McElaney, Mary Madeline McGlynn, Claire Priscilla McKenney, Gladys Anne Murray, Eugene Ignatius O'Neil, Claire T. . O'Neil, Virginia Geraldine O'Shea, John Philip Pineault, John Louis, Jr. Ribaudo, Vincent John . Roberts, Paul Nims Sharp, Irene Margaret Louise Shomo, Mary Therese Sullivan, Barbara Rita . Sullivan, Mary Elizabeth Tenenbaum, Edward Thomas, Christine Thomas, Helen Thompson, Evelyn Edith Welch, William Henry . SOPHOMORE CLASS Elementary Department Anketell, Elizabeth Gertrude Breen, Elizabeth Edwina Callahan, Jean Marie Constant] ne, Muriel Ruth Costello, Kathleen Mary DeCotis, Malvina Marie Deleo, Frances Elizabeth Dillon, Althea Marie Donahue, Mary Theresa Driscoll, Grace Harriet . Enos, Margaret Beamish Freni, Antoinette Emelita Gayton, Electa M. Goldberg, Shirley . Hanly, Grace Anne Hayes, Louise Ann Hurley, Jane R. Jackson, Grace Amy Kulberg, Anna Judith Leavitt, Anna Mae Lynch, Phyllis Marie Magwood, Ardelle Lois Mauriello, Edna Ann McCauley, Irene Marie Mooney, Marguerite Mary Murphy, Mary Theresa . Murphy, Rita Margaret O'Neil, Robert Emmett Joseph Palmieri, Ceciha Marie . Quint, Beatrice Gertrude Roundy, Marion Elizabeth Shrager, Phyllis Arlene . Skinner, Dorothy DuRant Smith, Etta Marie Stacey, Alice Lucile Sweeney, Julia Agnes Tagariello, Lucy Whipple, Jean Marilyn Zide, Hilda . Clifford, Irene Ann Connor, Abigail Kathleen Connors, Louise Pauline Fredrickson, Elinor Augusta Gates, Marion Elizabeth Junior High Department Charlestown Beverly Lynn Somerville Chicopee Maiden Lynn Salem East Boston Newburyport Charlestown Lawrence Lawrence Fall River Lynn Salem Salem Lawrence Beverly Peabody Belmont East Boston Salem East Boston Danvers Everett Revere Lawrence North Andover Cambridge Cambridge Everett Mattapan Salem Saugus Wakefield Danvers Beverly Chelsea Maiden Somerville Revere Chelsea Cambridge Arlington Somerville East Boston East Boston Cambridge Beverly Lawrence Arlington Everett Cambridge Newburyport East Boston Beverly Lynn Charlestown Revere Salem Gloucester Chelsea 50 Gavin, Mary Katherine Hingston, Priscilla Ann Izen, Morris . Jackman, Marjorie M. Kane, llarrj^ Stanley Kelley, Margaret Jane Kerkorian, Beatrice Lovejoy, Lillian liouise Madow, Bella Frances Maltzman, Charlotte Edith McLean, Jean Elizabeth Murphy, Elizabeth Claire Prescott, Evelyn Elizabeth Purciello, Edith Richards, Milton Shannon, Irene Frances . Simon, Margaret Singleton, Ann Elizabeth Sullivan, Herbert Walter Williams, Charlotte Nathalie Wolf son, Bernard Benjamin Amanti, Natalie Marie . Barbrick, Raymond William Devir, Mary Jane . Donovan, Mary Elizabeth Dwyer, Jean Frances Estrich, Edith Fitzgerald, Robert Edward Folsom, John Richard, Jr. Fortin, Lawrence Joseph Garabedian, Anna Mae . Giordano, Margaret Concetta Godfrey, Hazel Elizabeth Greene, Winifred Helen . Hastings, Barbara Frances Hughes, Dorothy . Kay, Wesley Kendrick , Kelly, Marian Theresa . LeBlanc, Eva Lillian Manning, Alice Roberta McCarthy, Katherine Frances Moran, Rita Bernadette Morrissey, Shirley Ruth Mosychuk, Eva Mullaney, Carol Patricia Noonan, Cecilia Anne O'Neil, Alice Patricia O'Rourke, Rose Marie Osepchuk, Anne Marie Royal, Marguerite Ruth Ryan, Margaret Louise Shea, Paul Albert . Smith, Norma Ernestine Volk, Edna Esther Walsh, Barbara Marie Commercial Department Bradford l^eabody Chelsea Newburyport Lynn Maiden Newburyport Dan vers Chelsea Chelsea Gloucester Roxbury Lynn East Boston Lowell Maiden Boston Manchester Lawrence Wakefield Revere Lynn Salem Maiden Beverly Lynn Lynn Lynn Salem Salem Somerville Marblehead Hyde Park Watertown Clinton Westwood Gloucester Lowell Danvers Salem Winthrop Somerville South Deerfield Lynn Somerville Lynn Lowell Cambridge Peabody Lowell Somerville Beverly Arlington Lynn Newburyport Bergman, Sylvia Maj-Brit Boyce, Ruth Eleanor Bradford, Rose Teresa Carter, Louise Frances Cogswell, Norma . Constantine, Rosamond Alice Cronin, Helen Agnes Cucchiara, Stella Mary . FRESHMAN CLASS Elementary Department Manchester Swamps cott Somerville Arlington Melrose Salem Salem Everett 51 DeStefano, Helen . Dooley, Eileen Mary Freedman, Eunice . Gilligan, Elizabeth Joan Graves, Doris Beverly Lomasney, Patricia Bernice A. Malloy, Mary Margaret Marsilii, Jeanette . McKerrall, Jean Elizabeth O'Connor, Catherine Mary Parker, Jeanne "Wright . Pepe, Carmella Helen Petrocelli, Gloria Carmela Reynolds, Mildred Emma Roe, Cynthia Romeo, Nicoletta Mary Sheridan, Ruth Louise Sullivan, Martha Jane Wolozin, Pearl Burgarella, Mary Magdalen Crowe, Mabel Virginia . Fielding, Margaret Elliot Fontana, Marie Yvonne Harding, Francis David, Jr. Hogan, Irene Marie Incampo, Volonta . Jezak, Louis John J. Kiernan, Louise Justine Lynch, Eileen Marie M alone, Evelyn Alice Maxwell, Barbara Ella Moir, Priscilla Janet Norton, Barbara Ruth Perkins, Natalie Sargent Perley, Ruth Winifred Rea, Doris Sewell, Lucille Shea, Jane Patricia Slack, Mary Louise Stanwood, Patricia Jane Tucker, Jean Elizabeth Vaznaian, Helen Rose Williams, Georgia , Albrecht, Mary Barbara Benoit, Elsie Marguerite Burnett, Marion Theodora Carlson, Dorothy Esther Colwell, Mary Imelda Cryan, Claire Ann Dacey, James William Dawyskiba, Stella Olga . DeCoulos, Elaine Hallas Desmond, Alice Louise . Deveau, Lorraine Isabella Eliopoulos, Christos Elias Ferry, Joseph Vincent Finn, Helen Gertrude Finnerty, Frances Rita . Flood, Ann Elisabeth Flynn, Marjorie Louise . Giordano, Florence Virginia Gordon, Vivian Ruth Grimes, Ellen Margaret . Haggarty, Anne Marie Hynes, Mary Jane Junior High Department Commercial Department Somerville Salem Winthrop Salem Somerville Revere Lynn Somerville Everett Arlington Danvers Boston Revere Beverly Lynn Everett Lynn Peabody Gloucester Gloucester Maiden Beverly Salem Salem Chelsea Beverly Lowell Lawrence Somerville Haverhill South Hamilton Magnolia Maiden Essex Rowley North Andover Lawrence Salem Reading Gloucester Gloucester Medford Danvers Roslindale Southbridge Somerville Lynn Wakefield Lynn Somerville Mattapan Peabody Lynn Lynn Lowell Arlington Roxbury Lowell Norwood Tewksbury Marblehead Lynn Palmer South Acton Charlestown 52 lacono, Lydia Kose Jianos, Anita Jireda Patricia Johnson, Arlene Frances Kenefick, Genevieve Beaufort Kilday, Mary Rita Litvack, Norma Kosalyn Lodi, Ruston Frederick . Loehr, Barbara Louise . Macklin, Marion Grace . McCall, Eleanor Marie . McGarahan, Elizabeth Lorraine McGillivray, Grace Phyllis McGorty, E. Phyllis McGuinness, Anna Barbara McKeon, Irene M. McLaughlin, John Francis Mulcahy, Joan Catherine Murphy, Anne Josephine Parks, James Bernard Peterson, Eva Ida M. Rapoport, Morris H. Rehfuss, Lena Grace Richardson, Frances Esther Rossi, Richard Gerard Sannella, Anthony Edward Sheehan, Robert Emmett Sheffield, Catherine Rose Suomela, Aune Edith Tobin, Edward Leo Torlone, Dorothy Ann Toupence, Irving Paul Tynes, Dorothy Edna Walsh, Anne Marie Whelan, Mildred Killen Williams, Catherine Agnes Williams, Marguerite Teresa Zabrofsky, Dorothy Frances East Boston Roxbury Lowell Brookline Dorchester Lynn Somerville Pittsfield Somerville Woburn Lowell Hyde Park Arlington Everett Marlboro Lynn Maiden Lowell Lynn Rockport Lynn Lynn Lynn Chelsea Revere Lynn Lowell Westminster Lynn Medford Adams Roxbury West Medford Lynn Salem Salem Dorchester Publication of this Document Approved by the Commission on Administration and Finance 2500-10-41-7544.